Badminton was once known as battledore and shuttlecock. The game as we know it today took its name from Badminton House in Gloucestershire, England – home of the Duke of Beaufort.
Barbara Jo Rubin became the first female jockey to win a horse race on February 22, 1969. She rode Cohesian to victory at Charlestown Racetrack in West Virginia.
Baseball's Carlton Fisk became the first unanimous winner of a Rookie of the Year Award in the American League on November 12, 1972.
Before 1850, golf balls were made of leather and were stuffed with feathers.
Bernice Gera became, in 1972, baseball's first female professional umpire. Unfortunately, after battling for five exhausting years against discriminatory league hotshots and hostile, threatening baseball players, Gera quit after umpping her first game: a season-opening New York-Pennsylvania League doubleheader.
Billie Jean King holds the distinction of being the oldest woman to receive a singles seed at Wimbledon. She was 39 years, 209 days old when she got the No. 10 seed in 1983.
In the game of craps, the slang term "Little Phoebe" refers to a roll of 5 on the dice.
Instant replay added a new dimension to televised sports when it was featured in a 1963 telecast of an Army-Navy football game. In 1964, it became a standard technique on television.
Jack Broughton was one of the most revered boxing figures in England. He was buried at Westminster Abbey, the burial place of British nobility, although Broughton was not a member of English royalty.
James Thomas Bell, nicknamed “Cool Papa” Bell for his coolness in front of crowds, could bat both left- and right-handed, although he threw with his left. He played center field for the St. Louis Stars, the Pittsburgh Crawfords, the Homestead Grays, and the Kansas City Stars between 1922 and 1950. Considered one of the best players and fastest runners on the base paths in the Negro Leagues, Bell was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974.
Jim Thorpe was selected by the American press in 1950 as the most outstanding athlete of the twentieth century.
Jockey Eddie Arcaro rode to two Triple Crown wins. The first on Whirlaway in 1941, and then on Citation in 1948.
Just about every sport in the United States, excluding basketball and swimming, permits or uses some type of glove.
Kendo is a Japanese form of fencing using bamboo foils or wooden swords.
Lenin Stadium in Moscow has enough seats to accommodate more than 103,000 people.
Martina Hingis of Switzerland won the women's competition in the Australian Open in 1997. At 16, she was the youngest woman to win a grand-slam tennis tournament in 110 years.
Boxer Carlos Palomino earned a college degree at Long Beach State the same year he won the world title, the only pugilist ever to achieve that elusive double. He retired when he was only 29.
Candlepin bowling uses ten small pins and three balls, and is played primarily in the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island. The ball is only five inches in diameter, is made of hard rubber composition, and has no finger holes.
Clay court, hard court, and grass are the three types of tennis court playing surfaces.
Climbing stairs burns up 250 percent more calories than swimming for the same amount of time, and 150 percent more than tennis or bowling.
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